Mental math

Towards the end of MEP Year one, the book introduces lots of math activities to develop mental math. Alhamdulilah Allah has made it relatively easy for children to understand two math formulas.

1. The first formula they have learnt if a+b=c then a=c-b and b=c-a
We do lots of problem solving using this formula. So I say we have 14 apples altogether. If I have 8 how many do you have? Sumayya easily works out the answer is 6. Sometimes I say write all the possible addition sums for number X, i.e number 15. So, they write 8+7; 6+9; 15+0 etc.

2. The second formula is If a+b+c=d then a=d-(c+b) ; b= d-(a+c); and c=d-(a+b)
Again we do lots of problem solving activities where children are required to apply this formula. For example: Sumayya, Inaya and Marjaan has 15 dolls altogether. Sumayya has 4 and Inaya has 7. How many dolls does Marjaan have? To solve the problem they use the above formula a+4+7=15; a=15- (4+7); a=15-11 a=4

Or, they do maths exercises where they are asked to complete the table so the addition sum in each column would equal to 15. In general, we are still strengthening a lot of the concepts taught in MEPs YEAR 1. mashaAllah, so far I am happy with the programme and children seem to be used with the type of activities presented there.

  • They can now work with different types of tables and time tables
  • They understand the concept of measuring. We use different types of measuring units when measuring different things. Litre/ml for measuring liquid, metre/cm for measuring length, kg/lb for measuring weight and hour/minute for measuring time.
  • They did hands-on activities for measuring liquid using jars, measuring weight using kitchen scales, measuring length using rulers and problem solving activities using clock
  • Counting by 2’s, by 3’s, by 4’s and by 5’s till 100. This is really important to develop mental maths
  • Working on countdown by 2’s, by 3’s, by 4’s and by 5’s from 100 till 0. This is still a bit challenging so we keep practising
  • They can work out most addition/subtraction sums with numbers 0-20 mentally. For example, Sumayya uses no math manipulatives or fingers to work out 15+9. She counts up 9 numbers from 15 in her head and tells me the answer is 24.

I think we will start using MEP YEAR 2 soon. I have looked at some Math Workbooks at local WHSmith and online. I found them much too easy for the age group they were originally designed for. I do think MEPs is much more challenging and if not broken up by a parent can be too much for a child. Looking back I can tell Year 1 was definately difficult work for Sumayya. She started Year 1 when she just turned 5 and we were able to finish it within 6-7 months. Alhamdulillah, Allah has made it easy for her later and she actually started enjoying it more. So, we will continue with MEP YEAR 2 and do of our own supplementary materials/activities on the side inshaAllah.


Writing progress


It has been a few month since eldest S decided to be an author and illustrator (in addition to dentist and teacher lol). We have not taught her anything constructive about writing. We have not done any spelling or any grammar. Yet, I believe due to the fact that she is always reading books her writing is good for her age, alhamdulillah. I think she gets inspired by the books she reads and she is always writing.

She writes prophet’s stories. Here she  wrote the story of Musa alayhissalam

Once there was a prophet named Musa he was born yet And he was a strong boy Firawn showed of to him he called all of his madigjshans They threw their stiks Musa was a bit afraid Allah told him to throw his stik It turned into a big snake

She writes her own stories

Once There was a girl She was nice to everyone And her name of Aisha She always thoht inshaAllah she would go to Jannah she made a lot of Dua to go t the highst level of Jannah Allah except all of her dua cause she was grateful as well So Allah gave her highst level of Jannah cause she said inshaAllah So she said Alhamdulillah

She makes reminder notes for us and sticks on walls

She writes hadith on crafts she makes

Who shall we love best first? allah we should love Allah and then the messenger sallahu alayhi wassalam and then your mother and father

In order to encourage her writing I suggested that we should make pop out book. Choose any pictures you like from magazines, cut them out, stick them on paper and write a story about them. She did this brilliantly, mashaAllah.

I often tell them about books I read as a child. So, I told them lots about Charlie in the Chocolate Factory, a boy who was kind, honest and a boy who had best manners. So, he won the biggest prize. I got them the film as it was on sale. Yesterday after Qur’an hifdh, we watched the film together. It was the 1st time they watched a movie and I explained lots of the details. Both girls were concentrating and didnt want me to speak much lol. This morning Sumayya wrote this. First she retold me the story then when I asked her to write she asked me to dictate. So, I was dictating her words and she wrote this


Most of her writing is independent. I don’t ask her to write, I dont dictate or I dont suggest a topic. She does it in her free time. She really enjoys drawing pictures and writing a story to go with her pictures. She often writes written narration of the stories she has read. Sometimes she twists the story and writes an Islamic version. At first I would only say “well done, mashaAllah” to encourage her to write more. Recently I have started making few spelling corrections in her writing. I taught her about full stop too. That at the end of each sentence we use full stop. And after full stop we start writing with capital letter. She tries to implement this but not always correctly as you can see in her writing. She sometimes puts full stop where it is not supposed to be or starts with capital without full stop etc. But, I think she will learn it with time inshaAllah. I hope she will pick up lots of writing skills just by reading, as happened with her spelling. I will start teaching her constructive grammar and writing maybe after she turns 7 (if she does not teach herself by then lol). InshaAllah, until then gentle correction and pinpointing in her written pieces will do the job.

Geography and Science


This is a short post to update children’s progress on Geography and Science. We are using workbooks from Evan-Moor for both and doing other supplementary activities of our own.

In Geography we have reviewed and finished the 1st chapter. We have learned (children are telling me)

  • Map is a drawing of a place from above
  • Map Key helps us to read the map because it tells us what symbols on map stand for
  • Map Grid is a square boxes that has letter and number. It helps us to easily locate/find the places on the map
  • Map Scale tells us the real distance between places on the map
  • Compass rose- is a compass to show us 4 main directions= North, South, East, West

Some of the practical things we did

  • We made a compass craft from paper and real one using the same idea here
  • We drew map of our bedroom
  • We drew map of our house and made a Map Key by drawing little picture for each room. Bed for bedroom, Cooking pot for kitchen, bath for bedroom, bookshelf for living room etc.
  • We measured the distance between London and Bradford on the map of UK and worked out how far the distance was between London and Bradford using map scale

We have moved on to learn more about Desserts and their Habitats. And they have some really good fun craft ideas which we are going to make inshaAllah

In Science, we have learned about The Sun

  • It is a star of hot gasses
  • It gives us light and heat
  • Animals, Plants and Humans need the sun to survive

Some of the practical activities we did

  • We have talked about the daylight and night change and read from the Qur’an surah Shams and surah Layl. We discussed that it is only by the Mercy of Allah swt that He brings daylight following the night and He makes dark again so people could rest.
  • They made the Sun puppet by painting painting the picture of sun, cutting out after it is dry and sticking the straw.


We had visitors on Thursday for iftaar. There was no talk of puppet show and without planning or anything Sumayya decided to show us puppet show using her Sun puppet. She was asking the audience from behind the sofa if they knew any hadith of the prophet. And we all said, “You tell us one”. And she said “Allah is beautiful and He loves beauty”. And other children joined and they were the Sun puppet was asking us questions about different prophets and they were telling us the story of the prophet Salih a.s and the camel.

  • We have observed how the plants grow yellow and eventually die if we block the sunlight. Use a piece of wood/plank and cover the grass in the garden. Have a look every day and it takes 3-4 days for grass to turn yellow

We have also learned about the Water in the Air in Science class.

  • There is water in the air that we can not see. It is called water vapor
  • When water vapor gets cold it turns into water drops
  • This process is called condensation

Practical activities

  • Experimented when ice cubes are put inside a glass water drops appear on the glass. Or when the weather is cold in the mornings water drops appear on windows even if it is not raining. Or the water drops on the grass in the mornings
  • Although it is not related to condensation, we have observed how wide open pine corns close in water. It took 20 mins for two acorns to close in water. When we put them out to dry, they start opening again, subhanAllah


Living in the moment…



I have meant to share some of my thoughts re new school year/planning and it was meant to be today, alhamdulillah. At sister’s circle on last Sunday we were discussing and sharing one thing that we learned from this Ramadan. For myself it was LIVING IN THE MOMENT. SubhanAllah, what does it actually mean, living in the moment?

Firstly, for me it meant grabbing every little opportunity that presented itself and increase my good deeds. I have often admired sisters who completed the Qur’an so-and-so many times in Ramadan or who have been able to do x-and-z much nafl prayers. Perphaps, I have not been able to do much but in our daily lives opportunities for little deeds always present itself to all of us and it is how we interact with those opportunities that really matters. So, I have learnt to consistently do those “little things” for the sake of Allah alone. I am trying to kill my expectations of people and expect nothing in return for those little things that Allah has enabled me to do. Yesterday has passed. I should not wish to have done things differently. Tomorrow is future, I should not spend long hours planning as Allah alone knows what actually happens tomorrow. But, what am I doing today? Right now? Am I using all the resources/means at hand to reap the reward in the HereAfter? What is stopping me reading Qur’an right now? Prioritize everything in our daily life and do everything with the right intention so we can turn them all into ibadah inshaAllah.

Secondly, living in the moment have also meant being able to say YES as often as I can to my kids. When they ask me to read them a book, even in the middle of my busiest day, I have been able to sit down and read to them. When they want to do some baking, help me with cooking or painting with acorns- I have been able to ask myself “Right, what is stopping me from saying YES. Is it something really important or my own laziness?” When they want to get changed and have all sorts of dress-up games at bed times just to prolong their bedtime- I just let them. Why to rush them, why to have rigid rules, why to be in bed exactly by same hour every night? Why not take each night as it comes and do those spontaneous fun things and increase our bonding? Especially since they have no school in the mornings. I am so grateful they do not go to school. I just find the whole idea of being out of house by certain hour in the mornings and doing the school-run is so stressful. There might come a time where I need to put the kids into school, wallahu Alam. Allah knows best how long we will be able to home-school but until that moment arrives why not just relax cosy evenings with plenty of reading, talking and discussions. So, they have no set bed time these days, it differs from day to day and we have been able to do so many extra-curricular fun things together.

Yesterday morning I asked Sumayya to do some copywork. She did half and said she would do the rest later. She wanted to do some spelling on Scribble (board game). I said ok, I knew she would do it later or I can remind her. But, if I was still previous ME and not “living in the moment” kind of mom, I would have demanded she finishes one thing before she moves on to the other. Even if she badly wants to play that Scribble game at that moment. And later that afternoon, not only she finished her copywork, she also did so much more writing than required because she wanted to.

The same thing happened when we sat down to do hifdh. I usually ask her to recite 5 of the longer surahs from Juzz Amma for review and move on to practise new surah. She read surah Tariq, A’la and Ghashiya (3 in total) and decided to review more later. Again, previous ME would have started lecturing her on the spot, reminding the rewards in HereAfter or even bribing her with sweets and things to finish all 5 surahs for review and practise new surah to memorize there and then. But instead I said “As you wish but you HAVE to do more hifdh later”. She was much happy and said “Please remind me if I forget it, mommy. If I forget I might become a liar”. I was happy she said it and later she recited more than 5 surahs to review.

So, I learnt that we should let children take the lead. They do not have to learn in the same order of subjects as we arrange them. We seem to have taken relaxed and flexible way of teaching and doing things and I feel children are taking the lead and been able to learn so much more on their own initiative. They are literally teaching themselves so many things, alhamdulillah. I have taken the back seat and provide materials and resources for their ideas/projects but mainly they come up with some kind of idea and they implement it with whatever resources I provide them with.

Living in the moment also meant to say NO to life’s distractions and strive for frugality and simplicity in our lives. I try not to use my phone, laptop, FB in their presence. How often have we said NO to our children just because we were sat in front of our laptops? Just because we were reading some news? Just because we were reading what people were up to on FB? Or we prolong some other important issues (like salah) and we procrastinate by surfing the net? I try not to be seen using the laptop in front of children for I fear kids copy this behaviour and grow up thinking all important talk/conversation takes place virtually and you can ignore the person sitting in front of you? (I have literally experienced this with some gatherings at university where most sisters pull out their phones out of pockets and would be busy socializing on FB whereas the room is full of with real human-beings, subhanAllah. I mean quite literally, maybe I have done that same thing somewhere….maybe. May Allah rectify our shortcomings)

We are studying 4-5 subjects each day. I plan and arrange worksheets/books/other materials the day before. We do a lot of spontaneous activities too when they come up with ideas and suggestions. I do not push to finish whatever I had planned and if we miss out on 1-2 of the planned subjects- that is fine too. We always have the next day inshaAllah. I would like to grasp the moment and do the things they really want to do. The order of subjects vary daily. We do numeracy (maths) and literacy (reading/writing/spelling etc) daily. We do Arabic, Geography, Science every other day. We are doing a lot more practical, hands-on activities like making things together, painting, experimenting etc. The whole teaching hours last around 2-2.5 hours and usually take place between 11am-2pm in the mornings.They are still under the age of 7 and I have come to believe too young for rigid scheduled learning. Ever since I adopted this kind of approach I can see how much more interest they are showing to learn. I think they develop the joy of learning more when I let them be creative and learn through projects they suggest. And, honestly, I have experienced they are getting more creative.


Trips this summer


I love travelling. I always did, even though I do not have much chance of doing it often (in terms of time, money and practicality with young children etc). Travelling and journeys take you to places you have not been, introduce you to people you have not met and each time on a journey one gets a chance to experience something totally new. And if kids behave well and do not complain, how nice, mashaAllah….

We have been able to get out and about this summer with children to few places within England. We take children out somewhere most weekends as a treat- a walk in countryside, a trip to a museum, visiting friends in a different town or visiting castles. Mostly I look out for places that offer free entry for children (and adults too lol)

We took them to Eurika recently- a children’s museum not far from us. Alhamdulillah, I think our children are at perfect age for all to see and offered at the museum. They have different galleries to explore for children with plenty of hands-on things to do: exploring senses like to touch, to see,  to smell, and a lot of practical things to experiment re science and teaching everyday life-skills. When we went there last winter Ibrahim was still a baby, around 6 months old. But our recent trip was so much more attractive and engaging for him. They had two under 5’s playing area- one is full of things to explore their senses (touch, see, smell, feel). He played with all the things so nicely and precisely to the purpose. He knows exactly what to do, he smelt all the flowers, touched the right buttons of the clocks, matched the baby animals to their parents etc. The next playground was learning about deserts and its habitat. It was so cool, mashaAllah.

Earlier in the summer we arranged a day out in Bolton Abbey with 2 other Uzbek families. We had picnic by riverside followed by a walk up the hillock with kids. After returning from a walk, dads cooked dinner in open fire whereas we enjoyed playing various games with the children.

A couple of days after Eid we went to the seaside, one of the beaches in Scarborough. Alhamdulillah, we all enjoyed it so much even though I was fasting on the day and we got stuck in traffic both ways due to roads being busy for Leeds festival that day. I realized that our girls appreciate day outs in open-air, somewhere near the water and where it is really spacious for them to run. Well, which child would not? It is true, children do not need holidays in expensive hotels or trips to expensive theme parks to be happy. Simple things give them so much pleasure. That day they were so happy building sand castles, looking for seashells and paddling in the water. I think Ibrahim enjoyed it most lol, he was chasing after the seagulls and playing all sorts of his own games.



Last weekend we went to Ripley Castle and gardens. This was like an introductory trip to history for Sumayya. As we toured around the castle rooms- which have changed very little since 1880’s, Sumayya was asking me why they put the horns of reindeer up on the walls. The library of castle was full of old books, some books are as old as 400 years. It was actually an amazing to see them. The guide explained us how things worked in kitchen, dining room and living room as he was taking us through the rooms introducing the members of the Ingliby family who lived there by 26 generations. I find it so interesting but I thought the children were a bit too young for it. Especially Ibrahim, he was tired and could not wait until we put him down. Everything was so old and fragile inside the castle and had “Please do not touch” sign. And of course someone had to carry poor Ibrahim all the time because the minute we put him down he will be up to some sort of “mission”. This boy is at the stage where he can not stay/stand/walk still. So, he was bored and tired in daddy’s arms and wanted to come down and walk/explore things. He was so happy when we got out.

We all loved it outside. We went for a walk in walled gardens and in the woods by lakeside. There was so much to see. Most of it was just walking and enjoying the scenery. We walked so long and alhamdulillah both the girls walked with us. Safiyya was little tired towards the end but they were collecting different kinds of leaves, acorns, talking about how tall trees are etc. We saw waterfall and a family of rabbits disappearing in their burrow.



I loved the trip to castle, but like I said the children were much too small for it. I felt they did not appreciate it as much and Sumayya was constantly asking if she could swim in the lake. I think she really wanted to go to the seaside that day as it was nice and hot.

We often go to our local Media Museum on rainy days. Sometimes we go to Lister Park for walks, feeding the ducks and play in the playground. We were discussing it with my husband that maybe we shall take them less on trips so they appreciate it more? They are always asking where we are taking them next and I feel that they take it granted sometimes…They keep asking for more and more. Well, maybe that is just my perception. But, is it true that the more you do for a child, it becomes like a regular thing for them and they appreciate it less? How often do you go on home-school trips and do you as a parent feel appreciated? How can you tell when a child being grateful or not grateful?

Well, we definitely be spending more weekends at home as winter approaching. But, I so want to see so much of England for myself (if not for kids lol) and just getting on my explorer’s mood… Is it bad to be going on short trips a couple of times a months?

Around the house…


Did you grow up helping your parents to run the house? We did and though we might not have liked it at the time, I can see why it was so important to get us-the children involved in simple tasks of keeping the house together a nice place to live in. We did so much as a child simply because we had to. We had no washing-machine, no dish-washer, no hot water running straight from the tap…On top of these, we had massive courtyard where my dad grew plenty of vegetables and fruit trees that we had to attend to after school. How I hated to plant and dig potatoes then, how I hated to pick tomatoes or to wrap a paper around grapes to protect it from birds…SubhanAllah, there was always so much to do and we used to complain that “the work will never finish in Uzbek households” . Silly me, and how I long for all of those now, growing my own fruit and vegetables is something like a dream. We do plant odd things every now and then, only to show kids how things grow.

Anyway, I said it before somewhere that the more I homeschool the more I love it. I feel it provides my children a well-rounded education and gives them a chance to be involved with everything I do in and around the house. For example, the past week we did so much gardening together. Everyday, we did pruning, digging, weeding, watering the plants and just cleaning and tidying the garden. They help me so much around the house too. Even though Safiyya tires me so much with her endless questions and stubbornness, I actually enjoy getting them involved in cleaning, cooking, baking etc. I set them tasks which they love to finish. If I am about to hoover, they have to tidy up and polish. If I am about to cook, I ask Safiyya to fetch me things, i.e 2 potatoes, 3 carrots, rice, pasta etc. She is so good at these, honestly with her pre-school coming up on Friday, I wonder what I will do without her in the kitchen. She is the queen of kitchen and know exactly where I keep vegetables or certain dishes/plates in the kitchen.

I gave them a pack of green peas the other day and set a competition on who can clean it first. They love doing these for me


We bake 2-3 times a week. Each time they get to make their own little naan-breads and somsas ot biscuits whatever we are baking that day.



It is true that we have to provide them with responsibilities from young age. Let them see that everyone’s contribution is needed and appreciated around the house. All members of the family should value each other’s help. I feel they would have missed out on these little things had they been placed in school….wallahu A’alam

Summery week


Alhamdulillah, with all the back-to-school mood out in streets and shops, we also have started our official Year 1 with Sumayya and Reception year with Safiyya. Thanks to nice weather, the 1st week of home-schooling was really successful for us. We did all our studying out in the garden all week. Alhamdulillah, what a difference the sunshine makes to our lives, truly a blessing from God.


The subjects we are covering this year are: Qur’an reading, Qur’an hifdh, Tafseer, Prophets’ Stories/Islamic Studies, Arabic language, Maths, Geography, Science and Literacy (reading with Safiyya and mainly composing +writing for Sumayya)

We have so many books and resources at home that we have not been able to use or finish. I have bought some lovely resources over the years that we didn’t have a chance to use or finish. InshaAllah we will be using them and plus lots of other supplementary resources from various websites.

Sumayya can read the Qur’an and we continue using Ahsanul Qawaid with both the girls. We listen to Qur’an and the surahs we are trying to memorize daily, read from mus’haf and listen+repeat after sheikh for 30 mins each day. Our hifdh is very slow these days and I have let them skip some days the past 2 weeks. They have been out all day playing in the garden and I have been reluctant to call them as we don’t always get such sunny weather. When they finally come in, they are just so tired and unwilling to sit and do hifdh. But, we were able to resume our hifdh session today, alhamdulillah.

I was planning to buy Ad-duha mini tafseer books for them but then changed my mind. I read them from the translation of the Qur’an in Uzbek on Friday mornings. So, Friday morning I asked Safiyya to read me all the surahs she has memorized. After each surah, I read to her the meaning in Uzbek and explained what Allah azza wa jaal told us in that surah. She was so interested and asked so many questions, mashaAllah. And Sumayya demanded that I read to her the Uzbek translation of some of the longer surahs she has memorized. I read and explained the meaning of surah Tariq, Ghashiya, Fajr, A’laa to her and she loved it too. So, I thought, since I have the tafseer of Qur’an in Uzbek, I continue reading from the book I have at hand. Although it is not children’s tafseer, we can sit down and I can explain and answer their questions in as much detail as I can. We continue in this manner on Friday mornings until a change is required (they may get bored by monotonous/repetitive way of learning or they may not, Allah knows best and time shows)

Arabic- we have been reviewing and revising a lot of the vocab we have learned in the past. Safiyya is revising numbers, shapes and colours. Sumayya is trying to finish off her book my 100 words from the Qur’an. She does copywork for Arabic handwriting nearly daily. And dad reads to them lots of stories in Arabic. They haven’t watched anything lately in Arabic for listening comprehension.


Maths. In line with MEP Year 1, we are still learning equations re pure maths and doing lots of real-life problem-solving re use of money, calendar, clock etc. We make things together and use it in our problem-solving sessions. Last week we made a clock and I just ask questions from top of my head, questions like “I had to be at the bank at 10 am. The bus got late and it was 11.30 am when I got to the bank. How late was I?” and ask them use the hands of the clock and their brain to find out the answer. Or I tell them Sumayya was born in 2007 and Safiyya in 2008, so how older Sumayya is than Safiyya? Last week we played lots of shopping game to get their grips on money and calculations of coins. I bought ELC shopping game from a local charity shop a long time ago. MashaAllah, it has come in so handy now. So, usually someone is a shop keeper and they fought so much over being shop keeper. And shop keeper chooses a spot for her shop and arranges all the products and items in the shop. I and Safiyya come in to buy and we buy a pencil and a notebook. Shopkeeper values her own products. So, she says “9p for a pencil and 15p for a notebook please” I say, “how much altogether?” She says “24pence please” and I give her 25 pence so she has to return me 1pence. This shopping game has been really popular in our household lately, we played it with real fruits, vegs and other real items instead of cards.

Geography. Trying to finish off Evan-Moor Geography workbook. Last week learned about compass, 4 main directions, mapping (map symbols, map key). I find the book so engaging mashaAllah. For example, it asks kids to draw map symbols for certain things (library, lake, school etc) and make their own map using sample above etc. I feel I have learnt a lot about mapping too and Sumayya has been so busy mapping our house, garden, her bedroom etc. They also made their own compass, very basic one.



Science. Again, trying to finish off our Evan-Moor Science workbook. We covered shadows and dissolving last week. They learnt that when an object blocks the light- it makes a shadow. Shadows have been used to tell the time in the past because people used the sun and their shadows to find out salah times. We tested the shadows of different objects in the sun- a teddy, a spoon by holding them against the sunlight and did the activities in the book.


They did the experiment on dissolving one morning using water, salt, red paint and oil. They had to make a guess what dissolves and what doesnt, do the experiment and write a follow-up report. Alhamdulillah, it was a huge hit and they wanted to do it again and again.





So, at the end they wrote salt dissolved, paint dissolved but the oil did not get dissolved in water. It formed bubbles and stood on top.

This week they are learning about growth and change. More on this later inshaAllah.

Finally, they did All about Me book by Umm an Numan.  We only printed this off and they were able to finish it off all by themselves in a day. They were so eager to finish it and they keep asking me to print some more. Here are few sample pages from Safiyya’s book.


Safiyya’s reading and writing have really improved the past 2 weeks. She is now reading well mashaAllah and shows a lot more interest when we do things together. She will be 4 this October and I remember Sumayya too started reading just before she turned 4.

We were so happy to read Sumayya’s All About Me book when she finished. On the page where she was supposed to write her birthday, she did put the date and year, but also wrote “I dont have my birthday because Muslims dont celebrate their birthdays”. On another page there was a question on what is your most favourite book after Qur’an? She wrote real-life Islamic stories. She wrote “I want to be an author and illustrator, but I dont write pretend stories I write real-life Islamic stories”. We were so proud to read her statements, mashaAllah. May Allah keep all our children on the straight path till the end.